Agriculture is one of the fundamental economic sectors, with an essential role in securing raw materials and basic food for sustaining human life and the operations of manufacturing industries. Apart from being at the base of the global food chain, the sector is of vital importance for economic and social development in a large number of developing countries. Against a background of rapidly growing world population, rising incomes in emerging markets and changing consumption patterns, agriculture’s main tasks are to increase productivity and to ensure steady food supply in a sustainable way that takes into account social, economic and environmental considerations.
Agriculture involves the cultivation of the soil and the harvesting of a variety of crops, fruits, nuts, vegetables and flowers. It also includes the growing and harvesting of forest products, the hunting of animals, livestock breeding, production of livestock products such as milk and eggs, fishing and aquaculture, and related support activities.
In 2018, Colombia’s agriculture, livestock, forestry, hunting and fisheries sector accounted for 6.3% of the country’s GDP. Between 2013 and 2018, the sector’s GVA rose at a CAGR of 4.2% in real terms, supported by the ...View more details
In 2018, agriculture, forestry and fishing in Romania constituted 4.8% of the nominal GVA of the economy. The agricultural output value reached a record high of RON 90.2bn, up by 14.9% y/y. Animal production value was up by 5.5% y/y, while crop ...View more details
Agriculture is one of the key economic sectors of Mexico, accounting for 3.3% of the country’s GDP, 12.7% of formal employment and 4.3% of national exports in 2018. During the year, it was also one of the driving forces of the Mexican economy, ...View more details
Hungarian agricultural output amounted to HUF 2,594.7bn in 2017, up by 0.3% y/y. In volume terms the output shrank by 4.1% y/y, as unfavourable weather conditions affected crop production, which made up 58% of the sector’s overall output value ...View more details
China is the largest agricultural economy globally, consuming and supplying more than half of the world's pork, as well as supplying one third of the horticultural products, rice and cotton, and close to 20% of the world's wheat, maize and ...View more details
Argentina has a leading position in the production and export of agricultural commodities, ranking among the world’s ten biggest producers of soybean, maize, wheat, beef and poultry meat. The agriculture sector plays a major role in ...View more details
Agriculture has been key to Malaysia’s economic development, and the agriculture sector contributes approximately 7.54% of Malaysia’s GDP in 2018. The country is also undergoing various economic partnerships and is working to reduce or ...View more details
The agriculture sector has historically served as a pillar of the Indonesian economy. Providing occupation for about a third of the population and contributing to 13% of the country’s GDP, the sector is seen by the government as strategically ...View more details
Turkey’s agriculture sector generates nearly 6% of the country’s GDP and provides employment for almost a quarter of the workforce, as it is the principal employer in rural areas. The sector benefits from favourable geographical ...View more details
Poland is one of the major producers of agricultural commodities in the EU. The country was the leading producer of apples and poultry meat, ranking second in terms of potatoes, third in cereals and fourth in pork. The sector has significant ...View more details