Agriculture is one of the fundamental economic sectors, with an essential role in securing raw materials and basic food for sustaining human life and the operations of manufacturing industries. Apart from being at the base of the global food chain, the sector is of vital importance for economic and social development in a large number of developing countries. Against a background of rapidly growing world population, rising incomes in emerging markets and changing consumption patterns, agriculture’s main tasks are to increase productivity and to ensure steady food supply in a sustainable way that takes into account social, economic and environmental considerations.
Agriculture involves the cultivation of the soil and the harvesting of a variety of crops, fruits, nuts, vegetables and flowers. It also includes the growing and harvesting of forest products, the hunting of animals, livestock breeding, production of livestock products such as milk and eggs, fishing and aquaculture, and related support activities.
The Philippines is primarily an agrarian country, with about 23% of its population engaged in farming. In 2018, the agriculture sector alone contributed 8% to national GDP – 9.3% if we include forestry and fishing – according to data from ...View more details
Russia’s agriculture sector has been one of the fastest expanding segments in Russia’s economy in recent years. The sector’s gross value added (GVA) expanded at a real CAGR of 12% during the 2012-2017 period. A supportive government ...View more details
Agriculture is the primary source of livelihood for over 58% of households in rural areas. Together with forestry and fisheries, it is one of the largest contributors to India’s GDP. India is home to over 20 agri-climatic regions, which are ...View more details
The agriculture, livestock and fisheries sector in Brazil plays a key role in the domestic economy, accounting for 4.6% of total GDP, 24.2% of total export value, and 3.8% of total employment in 2017. The favourable weather conditions during the year ...View more details
Chile has a relatively developed and diversified agriculture sector, with a leading position in the production and export of several key commodities, such as grapes, cherries, apples, berries, walnuts, poultry meat and salmon. Agriculture has a major ...View more details
The agriculture sector is of paramount importance to the Ecuadorian economy. In 2017, it accounted for 9.3% of the country’s GDP, 43.8% of national exports, 26.1% of formal employment and 20.3% of total FDI flow. The sector was also one of the ...View more details
China is the world's largest agricultural economy, consuming and supplying more than half of the world's pork, and supplying one-third of its horticultural products, rice, and cotton and close to 20% of he world's wheat, maize, and poultry. The ...View more details
Agriculture is one of the key economic sectors of Mexico, accounting for 3.4% of the country’s GDP, 13.4% of formal employment and 4.6% of national exports in 2017. Moreover, the sector was one of the main driving forces of the economy in 2017, ...View more details
Agriculture plays an important role in the economic and rural development of Indonesia. It generates over 13% of Indonesia’s GDP and is the country’s biggest employer, providing work to a third of the labour force. The sector satisfies ...View more details
Argentina is one of the world's largest producers and exporters of cereals and oilseeds and it is also among the ten biggest beef and poultry meat producers on a global scale. The agriculture sector has a key socio-economic role for Argentina, ...View more details