The Energy sector plays a pivotal role in economic and social development by supplying what might be described as the “flow of blood” to production and transportation systems. Its main objective is to ensure the reliable, affordable and clean energy needed by modern societies, thus contributing to well-being and prosperity around the globe.
The Energy sector involves the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity derived from a variety of sources, including fossil fuels, nuclear power and renewable sources. It also includes activities concerned with fuels themselves, which extend along the entire value chain, such as oil and gas extraction and transportation, coal mining, refining of petroleum products, and wholesaling and retailing of fuels.
India ranked fifth in renewable energy installed capacity in the world in 2018. Renewable energy sources accounted for around 20.1% of total installed electricity generation capacity in India by the end of FY2018. Wind energy is the dominant form of ...View more details
Africa’s renewable energy sector experienced its strongest year in 2017, in line with the global trend. The cumulative end-year capacity of the sector expanded by 12.5% y/y to 42.7 GW, outpacing the global growth rate of 8.5% y/y, according to ...View more details
Malaysia’s power sector is divided into three sub-markets, namely Peninsular Malaysia, Sabah (including the federal territory of Labuan), and Sarawak. Tenaga Nasional Bhd (TNB) is the main utility in Peninsular Malaysia, while Sabah Electricity ...View more details
Indonesia, home to abundant coal and gas reserves, relies on fossil fuels to generate nearly 90% of its electricity. Coal is the dominant fuel, accounting for 59% of electricity generation in 2017. The share of renewable energy resources (RES) in the ...View more details
In 2017 Poland preserved its position as the sixth largest electricity producer in the EU. The electric power sector has a major economic and social impact on the Polish economy. It generated revenue of PLN 132.6bn in 2017, which was equivalent to 6 ...View more details
Colombia ranked sixth in terms of power generation in Latin America in 2017, accounting for 4.6% of total regional output during the period. Hydropower is by far the leading electric energy source in the country with a share of 69.6% of total ...View more details
Brazil is the world’s second largest producer of ethanol and biodiesel, and a pioneer in developing biofuels as an economically viable alternative to fossil fuels. The main biofuels in the country are sugarcane ethanol – comprising ...View more details
Coal power still has a towering presence in China’s electricity generation, but the share of nuclear and renewable energy keeps increasing as the country is changing course towards a cleaner energy mix. According to the International Energy ...View more details
Mexico remains a regional leader in electricity generation. The positive results of the energy reform continue, on its way to Mexico’s energy independence and integration of clean energy sources. The wholesale market keeps attracting investment ...View more details
In 2017, electric power consumption in Brazil rose by 0.8% y/y, the first increase in three years, as the country emerged from one of its deepest recessions in decades. The positive trend continued in 2018, when the uptick in electricity demand ...View more details